Seven German universities want to develop autonomous car
Cattle man Autonomous driving: Almost all car manufacturers work on this future topic
In the USA, companies such as Google and Waymo have been testing autonomous cars for years. In Germany there are automated driving functions from many manufacturers, but a real one "Robot car" Lies far away. In contrast, seven universities want to do something.
Just apply to the car to pick up the child from school – without having to put mother to the wheel. Such scenarios have been a dream so far. There are still no market -like autonomous cars. But many companies are researching this, among other things, the Google sister company Waymo, but also the travel agent Uber and German car companies.
Autonomous electric car by 2022
Now seven German universities together with companies want to work together in the next four years in developing an autonomously driving electric car. The vehicle should do without a steering wheel. The centerpiece is the computer, which is networked with sensors of your own vehicle, sensors in the street space and other vehicles, as the Institute for motor vehicles (IKA) at RWTH Aachen announced on Thursday when the Unicaragil project started.
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"Without human help, the vehicle must always be able to pass from security -critical situations into a safe state," said overall coordinator at the IKA, Lutz Eckstein, about Unicaragil. In situations where the system is not a way out – for example, if another car parked on the street in the second row and a pull -out line would have to be run over – a driving guide in a control center must decide what to do.
Technology must be update-capable
The planned security technology consists of individual modules that can always be brought up to date, almost like an update on a computer. These components would have to be tested and not the whole vehicle, according to the conviction.“The design of a safe driving is absolutely in the foreground. That is a basic requirement for acceptance by society, ”says Eckstein. According to the latest study by TuV Rheinland, drivers in Germany, China and the USA are convinced that traffic safety will decrease with increasing automation.
Driver passed out – automatic: Hopefully you will never need this emergency system
Site/Wochit Driver passed out – automatic: Hopefully you will never need this emergency system
In Aachen, the StreetScooter electric delivery van has already been developed, which the post is now building itself for its own deliverers. The city car E also developed in Aachen.Go should go into series production in May.At the end of Unicaragil, four prototypes are to be built: in addition to the family helper a taxi, a delivery vehicle and a shuttle. "We want to create the basics that are neutrally usable for everyone to prepare a new standard on how to design such automated vehicles," said Eckstein. It still has to be shown whether a car manufacturer uses this template.
The five levels of autonomous driving
The terms autonomous and automated driving are often synonymous, there are important differences. These are the five levels of autonomous driving:
- Level 0: The driver controls the car completely.
- Level 1: There are assistance systems such as distance control or lane change warning, which only support the driver. This technology is widespread today down to the small car area.
- Level 2: This is the level at which modern vehicles of the upper middle class and upper class are already located. Sub -automated systems can take over certain functions, such as track guidance or partial automatic parking. Models such as the current Mercedes E-Class, Teslas Model S and Model X or the BMW 5 Series are already dominating the level 2. At Tesla, even more functions were temporarily unlocked, but they were put back after a few incidents.
- Level 3: This is the (high) automated driving, in which the driver must be able to intervene at any time, but may also turn to other things if the system is activated. With a warning time, the driver can be asked to take the lead again. Level 3 is developed as standard, for example in the Audi A8 .
- Level 4: At the fully automated driving the driver can even intervene if the system fails, but as a rule the car should take over everything. This level is currently being tested in practice by various car manufacturers and suppliers as well as tech groups.
- Level 5: At the actual autonomous driving is no longer required. You no longer need a steering wheel or other controls. The occupants become pure passengers.
Autonomous driving: legal questions
What are automated vehicles and what happens in the event of an accident? These are the most important sticking points for the digital car age:
- Liability: The insurance law situation of automated driving has actually been clarified. All cars that master the level 3 must have an accident data memory (black box) on board. In principle, the following should apply: If the driver has driven, he must also be liable. The car drove automatically and there is a technical error, the car manufacturer is liable.
- Right of registration: The EU and 50 countries worldwide are currently working on new rules for autonomous and automated driving. So far, the NORK 79 standard has ruled that automated interventions can only be carried out up to a maximum of 10 km/h (for example with parking machines). In the future they should be allowed up to 130 km/h. Incidentally, there is a regulatory patch carpet for the supposedly progressive USA that do not sit in the committee: each state decides on the approval of the systems itself. In New York, for example, it still applies that the driver must have at least one hand on the steering wheel.
- Behavior right: The Vienna Convention sets the rough framework for international traffic rules and was adapted to the requirements of automated driving in 2014. It must then be implemented in national law – which has already happened in the German Road Traffic Act.
First ride in the e -go life – only 12.000 euros! Germany’s cheapest electric car in the first check
Site/Wochit First ride in the e -go life – only 12.000 euros! Germany’s cheapest electric car in the first check
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