BMW continues to drive the expansion of electromobility and expands the existing business relationships with the two battery cell manufacturers Catl and Samsung SDI. The order volume known in mid-2018 to Catl in the amount of originally four billion euros will increase to 7.3 billion euros (contract term: 2020 to 2031), so BMW in a recent communication. Of this amount, 4.5 billion euros in the BMW Group and 2.8 billion euros on the Chinese production site of the joint venture BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd. (BBA) in Shenyang.
BMW is the first customer of the Catl battery cell plant in Erfurt. “We have intensively supported and accompanied the settlement of Catl in Germany,” says Dr. Andreas Wendt, board of BMW AG for purchasing and supplier network.
In addition, the manufacturer has a further long-term supply contract for the fifth generation of electric drives with its second supplier for battery cells, Samsung SDI, closed. The contract has an order volume of 2.9 billion euros (contract term: 2021 to 2031). “We secure our needs for battery cells in the long term. Each cell generation will be awarded in global competition to the technologically and business-leading manufacturer. So we have access to the best possible cell technology at any time, “said Wendt as part of a supplier day in Seoul, South Korea, known.
The key raw material cobalt required for cell production buys BMW in the future itself directly at mines in Australia and Morocco and provides him with Catl and Samsung SDI. This also applies to lithium that BMW will also refer directly to raw material mines, including in Australia. So the company has complete transparency on the origin of the two raw materials. Compliance with environmental standards and human rights have top priority. In addition, BMW wants to completely refrain from the fifth generation of electric drives from 2021 to the use of rare earths. “This makes us independent of their availability,” says Wendt.
Extensive in-house expertise for battery cell technology
The BMW Group has extensive in-house expertise on the complete value chain of battery cell technology. The internal production of the batteries takes place in the works Dingolfing (Germany), Spartanburg (USA) as well as in the BBA plant Shenyang (China). Also in Thailand, BMW has localized the production of batteries and works with the Draxlmaier Group together.
At the 14th. In addition, the company has opened his “Competence Center Battery Cell” in Munich. The aim of the competence center is to promote the technology of the battery cell and to penetrate the production processes technologically. The company is investing 200 million euros in the site and will deal there up to 200 employees. The production of battery cell prototypes makes it possible to completely analyze and understand the value creation processes of the cell. “Whether we then produce the cells in series for themselves at a later date, depends largely on the development of the supplier market,” says Wendt.
For the development of the cell technology decisive for electromobility, BMW has a common technology consortium with the Swedish battery manufacturer Northvolt and Umicore, a Belgian developer of battery materials. The cooperation deals with the establishment of a complete, sustainable value chain for battery cells in Europe and extends from the development of their production to recycling. The recycling of battery components plays a crucial role in order to close the recovery of the recovery of the recovery of the raw materials for high-rising demand for battery cells in the best possible way over a comprehensive recycling of the raw materials.
BMW plans 25 electrified models up to 2023
Already 2023 BMW wants to have 25 electrified models on offer. The basis for this are the flexible vehicle architectures for fully electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids and combustion models, with which the company can quickly react to changing framework conditions. More than half of the 25 models will be fully electric.
By 2021, the BMW Group already wants to double the paragraph of electrified vehicles compared to 2019. By 2025, the company expects a steep growth curve: year after year, the global sales of the electrified vehicles should increase by an average of over 30 percent. Also in Europe, the company follows a sophisticated increase logic: 2021, the proportion of electrified vehicles in the new car fleet will be increased by a quarter, 2025 by one third and 2030 grow to half of the sales volume.
By the end of 2019, the company already wants to have brought more than half a million vehicles with fully electric or plug-in hybrid drive on the road. In two years, BMW will offer five fully electric serial vehicles: next to the BMW i3, of which already more than 160.000 units have been produced, starts the production of the fully electric mini in the Oxford plant this year. 2020 In Chinese Shenyang, the fully electric BMW IX3 and 2021 follows the BMW Inext, which is manufactured in Dingolfing, as well as the BMW I4 from the Munich plant.
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