Drive strategy in France
Hydrogen car not dead? Renault and Co. Search battery alternative
PSA Even French carmakers have not completely given up the fuel cell
Site author Stefan Grundhoff
Stellantis made it a few weeks ago and now Renault-Nissan is getting back into the hydrogen drive. This is surprising once again, as the two French corporations are currently converting to electrical brands.
For links on this page, Site receives. A commission from the dealer, Z.B. For marked. More Infosim Haus Stellantis, the hydrogen drive has a noteworthy history, at least with its Russelsheim brand arm Opel. Because General Motors, as a former owner of the brand, relied on the fuel cell as a future technology for many years, the development team from Opel also worked on the hydrogen drive for more than 20 years and, for example, also set a small series of the Opel Zafira as hydrogen 3 with fuel cell.
Renault also does not give up hydrogen
With competitors Renault-Nissan and especially the Renault brand, the hydrogen is now also an issue. With the Renault Master panel van H2-Tech and a hydrogen petrol station, Hyvia is now presenting the first two prototypes close to the series for a comprehensive ecosystem for carbon-free mobility. The transporter H2-Tech is the first of three light commercial vehicles with fuel cell drive that the Joint Venture of the Renault Group wants to launch from next year.
Renault Renault van with hydrogen drive
In addition to its 33 kWh battery package, the Renault Master Castle Car H2-Tech has a 30 kW fuel cell. Four tanks with a capacity of six kilograms should enable a total range of up to 500 kilometers; 100 kilometers of it in battery operation. The van with a loading volume of twelve cubic meters is suitable for use at logistics companies, large customers and municipalities. At a later point in time, the master is to follow as a platform chassis H2-Tech with 19 cubic meters of charging capacity and a range of 250 kilometers and the Master Combi H2-Tech, a minibus for up to 15 people with a range of around 300 kilometers.
Fuel cells as a diesel replacement for vans
The models can be refueled at a hydrogen petrol station in around five minutes and thus at the level of a vehicle with an incinerated engine. The hydrogen is either generated on site by water electrolysis or delivered with tank hangers. The Hyvia petrol stations themselves are offered for purchase, leasing or rent.
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With Stellantis and his Group brands Opel, Citroen and Peugeot you are already one step further. "We are not about either or", emphasizes Dr. Lars-Peter Tiesen, responsible for fuel cell technology at Stellantis, “it is about complementing the electrical drive, where it fits the customer best. First of all, we see this in fleet operation."
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Start small – with 2000 cars as a test fleet
In the next two years, a small fleet of up to 2000 vehicles is to be built at the Stellatis location in Russelsheim, which can be converted to a fuel cell by the battery-operated electric drive. With manageable effort, the Opel Vivaro, Peugeot Expert and Citroen Jumpy models are converted to hydrogen technology in Russelsheim. "The three 700-bar fuel cell tanks with a volume of 4.4 cubic meters are in the same framework in which the battery package is otherwise housed in the underbody," explains Lars Peter Tiesen, "The benefit of the loading space is not restricted.“Stellantis opted for a so-called mid-power-Concept; means that the fuel cell is of medium size and is supported by a plug-in module with an additional battery that is installed under the driver’s bench. The hidden 10.5 kWh battery can be loaded on the socket and enables a range of around 50 kilometers.
Stellantis Fuel cell technology of the Stellantis Group
For longer distances there is the fuel cell, which with its 45 kilowatts ensures the drive with even driving and supplies the electric motor with its 100 kW / 136 hp under the bonnet. "We have a good customer issue," says Lars Peter Tiesen, "most of them are about the short night, because that is done after three minutes.“Overall, the triple pack of Opel Vivaro-E Hydrogen and the two sister models Peugeot Expert and Citroen Jumpy has a range of 400 kilometers at a maximum speed of 130 km/h. Commercial fleet science can decide whether it opts for a version with normal wheelbase or the XL version, then there is a 6.1 cubic meter instead of the loading volume of 5.3.
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