As a great technical, electromobility and Tesla fan, I have been following Elon Musk for more than 10 years and devouring any news and YouTube videos to the Tesla and its innumerable fans. But just the statements for autonomous driving made me really a bit suspicious. How should a camera system with so many dead angles, ever can drive self-employed.
Due to the small number of cameras or the non-optimal position of the existing cameras, it is actually “physically impossible” to cover the entire necessary viewing area – without in some situations – to get problematic vigor gaps. How Elon would say: “It’s Just Physics”. To check this and due to my animation experience, I decided to check this in a simple simulation. Thus, in Aftereffects with the Cinema4D renderer, as precisely visualization on the basis of the data mentioned by Tesla, was rebuilt.
A simplified version of a Tesla model 3 and visualized and simulated with cameras (visualized as colored light cone) with the same angles and positions like Tesla on its homepage – but only for the left side of the vehicle to the simulation clear and the complexity keep in the frame. The green light cone simulates the front camera with the largest wide angle and the side camera is visualized by the red light cone.
The result can be viewed in this video on YouTube:
Here it can be clearly seen that by Tesla’s camera placement – especially to the sides – arise in many situations dead angles. So that Tesla gets the necessary view, the model 3 would have to drive very far into the street center and thus hinder the crossing traffic. Exactly this behavior can be observed again and again in FSD-beta (FSD = Full Self Driving) videos of other Youtuber. In the simulation, it can also be seen that the necessary reaction and brake path for the crossing traffic in this situation would be far too low – so in my opinion results in an increased risk of collision.
That’s why I simulated the same situation again and tried to reduce the risk in which I have a further laterally aligned cameras approximately at the height of the front headlight (pink light cone). By this, at least in relation to the laterally crossing traffic, the dead angles are extremely reduced and make a wide retraction in the road unnecessary – whereby the collision risk should decrease.
In addition, this would increase the redundancy – which represents another big problem (especially for admission in Europe).
Meanwhile, more FSD-Beta Youtuber has become aware of the problem that the car has been extinguished in the beta for a long time. The Youtuber “Chuck Cook” has after many problems with the FSD-beta (do not want to turn left) to be attached to front headlights further cameras and shows how to reduce these dead angles and that clean rolls in the street. He has thus tried the same solution proposal as in the simulation here in “real-life”. To see in this video:
In the research I came across more problems that were not treated in the simulation:
Thus, the pages of cameras seemingly only one (relevant for the artificial intelligence) view of 80 meters, which is far too low that crossing traffic (for example, 100 km / h) incl. Reaction time can come to a halt. Even the low resolution of some cameras of only 720p and the poor image quality in the peripheral areas of wide-angled cameras, could lead to view (-fares) and detection issues. The above-mentioned redundancy is of course an additional problem that could become the risk of defective or simplicating pollution of a camera.
In my opinion, the currently existing hardware is not enough to drive real level 5 autonomous and thus enable the FSD taxi service, for example. But Tesla will probably be able to admit, with a view to the stock value and the still something unstable market position, for the time being. But as long as you continue to research and develop a few years, you will not have to do that – but sometime in the next few years, Tesla has to bite in the acidic apple:
If you look at the countless FullSselfdriving beta videos on YouTube, the current hardware in my opinion has already arrived at your limit that one would currently be described as Level 3 partial autonomous driving. Who says: “Tesla has long driven on highways / highways almost fully autonomous”, I say: “Then put a not moving object in the middle of the highway and pray.”One can really do Tesla, the” with-swim “in traffic on the highway. Collisions seems to be given above all with standing / solid objects, thus approaching rapidly – there seems that the current visual detection of dangers has not always sufficient – as one can refer to some accident on the internet.
The former Israeli developer (and subsidiary of Intel) of autopilot hardware 1.0 named “Mobileye”, a system has designed a system with a little more cameras (and an interesting, little data needed mapping system), which in many cities already properly and even in Jerusalem already well adapted (/ pure-urging) in the Care can ride. Here is a 40-minute and uncut drive through Jerusalem on YouTube:
But now, however, I now see Mobileye wide, even since it is the only company that (as well as Tesla) has collected and analyzed the data millions of millions of vehicles throughout the world for years. Yes, not only Tesla came to the idea and Mobileye as the market-leading manufacturer of current assistance systems, has just installed millions of systems in the cars of many large manufacturers, which have been collecting data for years and traveling worldwide on the roads.
As I said: The autonomous future will come, but it will stay exciting.
About the author: Written by Jonas S.
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