Premiums and tax avoidance
30.000 euros for a Tesla: Electric Auto subsidies get out of hand
Cattle Image with symbolic character: A poster advertises the new CO2 tax of the federal government. The 2.5 ton electric SUV weighing in front of it is excluded from all eco-taxes-even if it refuels cabbage stream
Site author Carl Christian Jancke
Through start-up financing, politics wanted to put a million electric cars onto the streets. This goal will be achieved at some point, but the "Excess" is threatening to become ever higher permanent subsidization at the expense of all taxpayers. An inventory.
For links on this page, Site receives. A commission from the dealer, Z.B. For marked. More info"And if you are not willing, I need money" If the motto of emobility in Germany could be: Before there were no government funding, electric cars were hardly bought. The goal of bringing a million so-called electric vehicles onto the streets in 2020 was misled. Now it should be 14 million by 2030. Industry – albeit all in Europe – plays with: Germany’s largest car company Volkswagen ends the combustion building – after a remarkable zigzag course, this now also applies to Audi . The EU is planning a quasi-prohibition for petrol engines and diesel with the new emissions standard Euro 7. As part of the "New Green Deals" If the green planned economy is officially introduced: only the electrical course is funded.
Electric cars are worthwhile – thanks to funding
So that this also works, funding flows – and not too short. A study by Prof. Dr. Michael Brauninger from 2019 on behalf of the German mineral oil economy showed that such as a Tesla S by 24.000 euros better than a Mercedes CLS with diesel engine. The BMW I 3 is 18.000 euros compared to a VW Golf and an electrical Mercedes B-Class still plays 19.000 euros compared to a diesel passat. Due to the new climate and corona packages, these advantages over 12 years increase to approx. 23.000 euros for the lower middle class, on approx. 24.000 for the middle class and for the thick e-mobile ships to approx. 31.000 euros if you follow the system of the study.
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Brauninger’s study is financed by the mineral oil association; This depends on a certain taste and it is seen differently than in the papers of the "Agora energy transition" – However, this is not less directed by close connections, for example to the solar and wind industry. But Brauninger’s calculations are quite understandable.
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Subsidized Teslas in the dentist
At first glance, what looks like a good deed for the avert of the climate crisis turns out to be a social injustice at second glance. Because Otto normal consumers are already involved in the sales tax in the discounter fund in favor of the Tesla-drivers from the dentistle. And if he drives the parking lot with his five-year-old Euro-5 diesel, he is there with car tax, energy tax and recently the CO2 tax (which is officially called CO2 price). Even if he enjoys the well-deserved end of the day in front of the flat-screen TV, energy tax is due, while the Elektro SUV in the villa district on the wall box funded with 900 euros is loaded with solar power thanks to the spacious roof area. Not per wallbox, but per connection.The energy field promised by Bundnis90/The Greens, a head flat rate of 750 euros, is also somewhat questionable. Not only the poor drivers get fossil drives, but also the owners of Porsche Taycan and Renault Zoe – completely socially neutral.
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Almost a quarter of this regulatory advantage ends up with the manufacturer and explains why the car companies with all their might press electric cars and plug-in hybrids into the market. Although they do not receive 9,000 euros, they would have to pay 9,000 euros to the EU for their previous fleet emissions for the non -compliance with the limit values. Tesla shows how to make additional money from it. In 2020, Elon Musk has for 1.6 billion. Dollar emission certificates sold to other manufacturers. Otherwise, the operating profit would look very cloudy.
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the "Auto Motor & Sport" reports that Volkswagen exceeds the T6 sold by the specified fleet limit values in the EU.1 Multivan (also known as VW Bus) must pay 8,360 euros. With 3.75 milion, cars sold have already added up a gram of a penalty of 356 million euros, Write the banks. With every e-up sold, the likelihood of having to pay punishment is reduced. Even if the T6 is mainly traveling as a taxi with up to 9 passengers.
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The more market share, the more costs for taxpayers
If 28 electric cars were re -approved in 2003, there were almost 200 in 2020.000, three times as many as in 2019. And from January to May 2021 there are already 115.000. With linear development, that would be around 280 by the end of the year.000. With an average state subsidy of 5000 euros that would be 1.4 billion. Euro who hike from the Lidl cash register to the better residential area.In May, purely electric vehicles reached a market share of around 11% (approx. 27.000 vehicles) of the new registrations, which, however, does not mean anything else, that almost 90 percent still have a combustion engine under the hood and are expected to spend the next 12 years on the street. Nevertheless, Statista expects a share of 11 percent of the total stock of all approved vehicles in 2025. That would be more than 5 million cars, and an increase in the previous inventory within 5 years. Since the subsidies are guaranteed by then and we also assume an average funding premium of 5000 euros, the large transformation costs the taxpayer approximately 25 billion. Euro. In 2030 it should be a quarter of the inventory, i.e. around 12 million. The Federal Minister of Economics Altmaier even expects 2 million more.
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How to save punishment with China batteries
According to Brauninger’s acceptance, the manufacturers only save in Germany (the fleet limit values apply across Europe) almost 2.8 billion. Euro penalty funds under the premise that a sold electric car with 0 grams of CO2 can be credited to the total sale. It has long been known that considerable quantities are released in the production of the batteries, only mostly in China.
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According to the Statista, the CO2 factor per kilowatt hour was 401 grams. With a consumption of 13.1 kWh (BMW i3), this makes 52.40 grams of CO2. In the ADAC practical test, however, the i3 needed 15 kWh, that would already be 60 grams of CO2 because the reference to regenerative energy does not help.: The green current accounts for a share of the entire electricity mix. If the electric car were only supplied with renewable energy, households and industry would have to consume the electricity that comes from conventional production. 52.4 g are a little less than half of the comparable combustion in the VW Golf (119 g). And that applies to every electric car approved in Germany. In France, the balance looks better because a lot of electricity is produced with nuclear power.
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Corona has made fun of the funding
In his study, Brauninger assumes the support data from 2018/19. However, they were massively increased in the course of the “Corona economy program”:
- The purchase bonus around 2000 state share, the vehicle tax is no longer necessary for 10 years;
- In the case of company car bill, only 0.25 percent of the list price still needs to be counted towards income tax;
- If the employer provides the charging current free of charge, this does not have to be taxed in contrast to food brands in the canteen;
- The company can of course also claim the electricity costs as an operating expenditure.
- In the meantime, the charging station called “Wallbox” is also funded in the garage of the home with 900 euros, which makes up almost 100% of the costs and the pedestrian, cyclists, public transport users and diesel and petrol engineers another 300 million. Euro from the state treasury costs.
The consumer will pay for the necessary expansion of the power grid, even if he lives in the rent barracks without a Solardach. In addition, the federal government is characterizing the construction of 1000 quick charging stations, a task that actually belongs more in private hand. In Germany there is currently approx. 3500 of them. The scientific service of the Bundestag estimates the manufacturing costs at 2000 euros. That seems rather little, because in the parking lot on the highway on the flat country, one or the other power cable should be added that would be to be relocated.
Petrol price: higher and higher – but many will pay it
The Bezin-Prize discussion initiated by the Green Chancellor candidate has shown that the additional tax called CO2 prize, which is already working at 7 cents (petrol) and 8 cents per liter, to 15 cents/17 cents per liter by 2025 rises, the ADAC calculated. This should not develop a steering effect, but the state treasury is already ringing. The golf driver pays at 11.000 annual kilometers and 5 liters of consumption just 82.50 euros more, while the Mercedes CLS gets 163.20 euros on the petrol pump. Nevertheless, this naturally accumulates within the 12 years accepted by Brauninger and the increasing CO2 penalty tax.
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30.000 euros advantage for a Tesla
The increase in the state share of the premium is already more remarkable for 2000 euros and the halving of the company car taxation, which costs 1892 euros in the BMW i3 and 2089 euros in the Mercedes. The purchase price remains below 60.000 euros can also be saved for the Tesla 3628 euros. The funding amount increases significantly: In the lower middle class of 18.000 to 22.757 euros, in the middle class of 19.000 to almost 25.000 and in the upper class more than 30.000 euros are booked.
The Achilles’ heels: electricity prices and electric car resting value
Two problems could cloud this joyful message, of course: the rapid rising electricity prices on the charging stations and the residual value of the used electric cars. By January 2020, a quick charge from the IONITY IONITY cost 8 euros. Since 31.1. The quick charge was posted there at 79 cents per kilowatt hour. In the example of our i3, 100 km cost almost 10 euros. If you use “plugsurfing”, it is 1.09 euros.Anyone who bought an electric car themselves has the problem today to get rid of it again. The purchase bonuses act like an inverse bottle deposit . From the residual value you can confidently deduct the once -cut purchase bonus. Including manufacturer bonus that could be up to 9000 euros. If you go to the Renault dealer, you can get a new car for the price of a three-year-old Zoe. There remains the well -driven copy at the dealer yard. Or you sell it for significantly less.In addition, the new models usually offer more range and performance and, if you find a free quick charging station, are charged faster. Used electric cars become an unsalable shopkeeper. Many a private individual should experience a bad awakening. And the dealers, leasing companies and manufacturers are already arguing today who is bearing the residual risk.
France also promotes used e-cars
By the way, there are purchase bonuses for used electric cars in France. A question of time before the next climate package also provides for this. The green candidate for chancellor Annalena Baerbock has already spoken out to do this in Germany. Only: These premiums always pay those from their taxpayers who do not drive an electric car – still the vast majority of all drivers.Extra sausages such as the 200 million “socially and mobile” funding for municipalities, non-profit organizations and organizations as well as companies in health and social affairs are not yet taken into account. They get up to 2500 euros per wallbox and 10.000 euros per replaced vehicle. 40-60 percent of the additional effort. Then there is already a Tesla in it.
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Many drive and economic experts are now calling for more openness to technology:Not electromobility itself should be promoted, but the actual reduction in greenhouse gases associated with it should be promoted. With the same funding, synthetic fuels are completely competitive, writes Brauninger.
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His knowledge is based on a forecast study from 2018, which assumes that a manufacturing price of 1.00-1.75 per liter of 2030 could be displayed. In the meantime, plants are under construction or planning in Norway, Chile and Saudi Arabia, which will probably do this after their completion before 2025. Unlike electromobility, there is no exchange of around 1.5 billion. Vehicles required worldwide fleet worldwide. Biological and synthetic fuels also lead to significant reduction in emissions in the existing vehicles. And the supermarket buyer can also contribute to climate protection with his old Euro-5 diesel.The auto industry can no longer go back. It has invested in a technology that is alternative with the investment and model decisions that have now been made. When the calculation opens, this, Kallenius and Co. go off the pitch as a big winner. If not, it gets dark. The now abandoned competence in the area of petrol and diesel drive will no longer be brought back if it is decided at some point in important markets to take a different way (such as synthetic fuels). The auto industry – in the EU at all times, in countries like the USA or China there is a more differentiated course – the backing of politics. In the end, however, the customer always decides. Corporations like Audi have to hope that the cornucopia of the subsidies will continue to flow from Berlin and Brussels.
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