Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished

Viennese engine Symposium

Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished

Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-defends
VW 48 Volkswagen volt hybrid system. The mild hybrid can be combined with petrol, diesel or natural gas and should be a competition for new electrical drives, especially in larger vehicles

Electromobility has been waiting for its breakthrough for over 100 years. For the time being, one could only force the financial support or prohibitions of internal combustion engines. Meanwhile, Europe’s engine researchers show what is still feasible.

It was certainly not a good year for the internal combustion engine: "From the Enabler to the dirt", the long -time director of the Vienna Motor Eymposium, Professor Hans Peter Lenz, described the situation in his introductory lecture. Since last year’s symposium, the effects of the diesel scandal have tightened again: The German Federal Administrative Court has on a lawsuit by the “German Environmental Aid" cleared the way for diesel driving bans, with restrictions and nuances under the discussion. Politicians like Environment Minister Svenja Schulze demand extremely elaborate used car retrofits for exhaust gas values that did not exist at the time of their approval .

Combined and electric car: it gets bumpy with both

But it was also not a good year for electromobility. Despite the political and media tailwind, the sales figures remain at a low level. Where the electric mobile reaches significant quantities thanks to enormous subsidies, for example in the rich oil and hydropower country Norway, problems arise. The vehicles are only inadequate in the field, while the power grid partly reaches its limits.

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Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-combustion

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In addition, the supposed flagship company Tesla is caused by many broken promises and a catastrophic start of the mid-range sedan model 3 for negative headlines. In the meantime, the press is more interested in the remaining value of the Tesla share than for the product properties of Model 3, about which specialist journalists have to find out more based on borrowed private vehicles.

Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-motor
Center of Automotive Management


Meanwhile, the auto industry is under enormous pulling. Should the ambitious consumption and emission requirements of EU bureaucracy, which for electric cars the emission value “zero" Accepting and planning plug-in hybrids to be strongly absent-minded towards conventional combustion engines. China also demands e-quotas, although the forecast has become unsure about the staggering expansion of the charging structure. Only the USA signal relaxation under the new EPA boss Scott Pruitt .

Burner industry goes on the offensive

Now the industry is on the offensive. The exhaust gas issue in both diesel and the ottomotor has now been solved, emphasize the developers and infer this at the Vienna Motor Symposium in numerous lectures with data and measurement results. Bosch wants to have the relevant emissions with intelligent thermal management far below the limit values – without new hardware solutions .

Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-combustion
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There are extensive praise for the new RDE cycle, with which real emissions are measured in a wide variety of driving conditions. This holistic approach leads away from the very top development to the test scenarios once defined by politics. They had contributed not insignificantly to the previous problems.

New consumption cycle: harder, but finally more realistic

Professor Helmut List, head of the development service provider AVL List, complains about the current focus on “Tank-to-Wheel"-Emissions in which electromobility naturally cuts off well because the emissions arise somewhere else. In fact, the internal combustion engine is already at an extremely low level of pollutant emission and have long-term "Zero-Impact"-potential. In the medium term, “a well-to-wheel view can be expected and demanded", so list. Even more comprehensive and also conceivable, a “Lifecycle view", which also as a "cradle-to-engrave"-Consideration is called. Here, the enormous environmental pollution through the production, operation and disposal of electric vehicles is included in the consideration. For List it is clear: you cannot afford to disqualify the internal combustion engine or to remove the competition.

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Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-motor

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There are still development potential for both the Otto and diesel engine. This includes the 48-volt hybridization with starter generator systems that can take on boost functions. In the gasoline engine, further progress can be made by high-pressure injection, variable compression and hydrogen injection. As a real “Game Changer" could prove synthetic fuels and natural gas engines.

Hybridization also with diesel

No wonder that numerous promising combustion concepts were also presented in Vienna this year. This included the 1.5-liter turbo-gas engine from Volkswagen with variable turbocharger and Miller fuel process. In addition, the Wolfsburgers presented a 2.0-liter TDI with mild hybridization and announced that the upcoming Golf VIII with a 48-volt-mild hybrid system. Incidentally: “We know that the diesel is most efficient", so VW.

Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-combustion
VW VW introduces the 48-volt network, for example, the volume diesel with two liters of displacement, including the next Golf is equipped with it


Ford presented a 1.0-liter earth-gas engine with 150 PS / 110 kW, Hyundai / Kia gave a outlook on the new 1.6-liter ivtomotor generation called "Smart Stream", and Fiat Chrysler succeeded with a three- and four-cylinded engine family called GSE. The announcement of chief engineer Carlo de Marino was unmistakable: As expected, these engines will be used beyond 2025.
And the German manufacturers can still do it: the currently 450 PS / 331 kW strong 2.9-liter V6 biturbo from Audi is said to come with a 48-volt hybrid level, and BMW reported on the 530 PS / 390 kW Strong 4.4-liter V8, which is launched in the upcoming 8 series. Daimler also gave an exciting view of upcoming diesel and otomotors.

E-mobility: Waiting for batteries with a higher energy density

Of course, e-mobility still has development potential. New battery concepts, which are said to always be just around the corner, should offer a higher energy density. This is currently 25 times lower with the best batteries than with diesel fuel. And the public is awaiting a solution to the raw material problem .
The car manufacturers, who have already sunk billions into the topic, are practicing optimism of purpose: Anyone who has ever driven an electric car will no longer return to the burner, claims a lecturer from BMW. And Porsche boss Oliver Blume asserted, the new mission e is driving like a real sports car. When asked by engine coryphaee Friedrich Indra, he has to specify: You can accelerate ten times from 0 to 100 km/h or four times from 0 to 200 km/h before the car switches to an emergency savings program. That means: for a round on the Nordschleife it shouldn’t be enough.

Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-elite
Porsche Porsche Mission E-Cross Turismo concept study 2018


No wonder that the assembled developers could hardly hide their surprising about the hostile political discussion. In view of the facts, the demonization of the combustion must be withdrawn. The entry restrictions in city centers bordered on an automotive apartheid. And the particle discussion? Here you should perhaps focus more on bicycles, according to the sarcastic objection of a researcher. The emissions due to the brake and rim abrasion of the bike are now higher than the emissions by modern cars. As far as e-mobility is concerned, there is skepticism: “No car manufacturer can afford the infrastructure and also no customer", a manager indicates. Another says: “Thank God we don’t have to invest in production systems."

Nitrogen oxide measurements: it depends on where you measure

Meanwhile, a VDA representative gave interesting insights into the political decision mechanisms in Berlin. He mentioned some of the few measuring points where the NOx limit values are still exceeded. In Kiel, for example, 600 meters from the harbor are measured at the Theodor-Heuss-Ring, with a train station in between. Here the auto industry is subjected to emissions by diesel locomotives and shipping. In Cologne, the Kleveschen Ring is measured at one point where the international heavy traffic is forced to block the Leverkusen bridge. And the “red lantern" Munich fair at the end point of three motorways: "The cities want to solve other problems with the ‘Blue Plaque’, namely their traffic problem." Chancellor Merkel, in turn. This must come from the environmental associations. After all, the measured values make it appear as possible that the first year will be without exceeding: driving bans would then no longer be justified.

Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-motor
Copyright: Blue badge.de One "Blue badge" should make diesel driving bans easier – there are even different colors for different exhaust gas standards in conversation


But there is, too, this was also heard in Vienna, now also thoughtful politicians. In the discussions, the realization is slowly but surely going through that e-mobility is unsuitable as a panacea. In 2020 the time will be reached when one million electric cars should actually be on the street. This goal will certainly be said that this will be said to be far. And then a broad discussion should use the role of the individual technologies in the private transport of the future. She would not come too early.

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Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished-defends

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*The contribution "Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished" is published by gtspirit. Contact to the person responsible here.

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Jens Meiners, GT Spirit

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5 thoughts on “Motor elite defends itself: the combustion engine is far from finished”

  1. I find it refreshing
    To read a report that cleans up a little with this electro type. Everything that … in the report was and is predictable. The problems in Norway, the electroporsche, resource problems, etc. A calculator, a little research on the Internet and a non -pierced mind is enough. The fraud of the auto industry As far as the range of battery cars is concerned, there is still the smaller evil. I am convinced that the electric car as it will be built today will be a stillbirth. Even the cheap tricks with range extender do not help. I am also about that diesel and gasoline will not be the energy source of the future. My future visions are more in the gas area. Hydrogen or methane. We will see…

    Reply
  2. Rather than promote solar instead of diesel
    Load solar cells on the roof and electric car. Drive car only with solar energy. Buffer battery in the basement. It all costs a lot of money and “only” for homeowners. Not for everyone. But for the environment . No noise, no exhaust gases, no electricity route, no petrol station. Every building with solar and intermediate shell. Silicon batteries are in the test. You should promote that. or?

    Reply
  3. Even if the cyclist is not
    Don’t want to see it!The internal combustion engine itself not only has potential for improvement but offers a lot of possibility of expansion! Micro and mild hybrid as well as novel fuels.In addition, the low efficiency is compensated with the high energy density of the fuel!The waste heat can be used further and the storage and the transport is conveniently.In addition, the infrastructure for liquid fuel is available.With an electric everything and everyone is only dependent on the development of the battery.This makes only small progress and is also dependent on rare and or difficult to access raw materials.Infrastructure is hardly available, no waste heat, low energy density, with a high load of poor efficiency, lifespan questionable. Resale value bad

    Reply
  4. Germany Autoland
    It is time for realism to move into the debate again. Demeing the diesel is just as wrong as the composition of electromobility. Note: Whoever believes the Greens is in the best company with the green Marsmannchen.

    Reply
  5. realism
    Really Mr. Schwarz, that is a question of our government, especially the Chancellor with her directive competence. Ms. Merkel as a physicist should surely exist. Thermodynamics or Z.B. Energy density comparison from diesel to batteries, implementing in politics and not leaving this field to the ideological, unreal technical hatred. Germany is already damaging.

    Reply

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