Special route in the electrical trend
Now hydrogen? Opel is supposed to develop fuel cell cars
Stellantis Fuel cell tests at the Stellantis Group
Site author Stefan Grundhoff
The idea of the hydrogen drive in the car does not seem to be dead despite the ongoing battery change. Even though many manufacturers have now said goodbye to the fuel cell, Stellantis is getting in again under the Opel leadership.
For links on this page, Site receives. A commission from the dealer, Z.B. For marked. The idea with the fuel cell in Stellantis is not more new. Under the direction of the former US corporate mother General Motors, Opel has equipped around 20 years of history in hydrogen drive and finally the Zafira (Hydrogen 3) as a technology carrier with the clean technology. Now the Russelsheimers come back and this time you want to get a class about it.
Electric drive "complement"
"We are not about either or", emphasizes Dr. Lars-Peter Tiesen, responsible for fuel cell technology at Stellantis, “it is about complementing the electrical drive, where it fits the customer best. First of all, we see this in fleet operation.
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In the next two years, a small fleet of up to 2 is scheduled at the Stellatis location in Russelsheim.000 vehicles are created that are converted to a fuel cell by the battery -operated electric drive. At Opel Special Vehicles, ambulances, fire brigade and police vehicles will otherwise be converted for the official service.
Transporter with hydrogen tanks
So that the conversion becomes as simple as possible and the costs are limited, the Stellis Transporter Opel Vivaro, Peugeot Expert and Citroen Jumpy are converted to hydrogen technology. The vans themselves cannot be seen as vehicles with a fuel cell, because the technology is hidden in the engine compartment and under the seats. "The three 700-bar fuel cell tanks with a volume of 4.4 cubic meters are in the same framework in which the battery package is otherwise housed in the underbody," explains Lars Peter Tiesen, "The benefit of the loading space is not restricted."
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Stellantis opted for a so-called mid-power-Concept; means that the fuel cell is of medium size and is supported by a plug-in module with an additional battery that is installed under the driver’s bench. The hidden 10.5 kWh battery can be loaded on the socket and enables a range of around 50 kilometers.
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For longer distances there is the fuel cell, which with its 45 kilowatts ensures the drive with even driving and supplies the electric motor with its 100 kW / 136 hp under the bonnet. "We have a good customer issue," says Lars Peter Tiesen, "most of them are about the short night, because that is done after three minutes.“Overall, the triple pack of Opel Vivaro-E Hydrogen and the two sister models Peugeot Expert and Citroen Jumpy has a range of 400 kilometers at a maximum speed of 130 km/h.
400 kilometers of range
Commercial fleet science can decide whether it opts for a version with normal wheelbase or the XL version, then there is a 6.1 cubic meter instead of the loading volume of 5.3. Both versions can pull up to a ton of heavy trailers. The payload: up to 1100 kilograms. For this purpose, the new Vivaro-e hydrogen as well as the other group models can be loaded on by each side.Such a small fleet cannot be earned, but Stellantis is particularly concerned with the experience of customers and its own expertise, whether the fuel cell can be a supplement to the current electrical drives in the long term. By the way, do not buy the fuel cell transporters, but for a monthly fee of 600 euros leases. After the fuel cell technology is brought out of the technology drawers every few years, the big problems have now been cleared out. However, the high customer benefit faces stately acquisition costs and a petrol station network that does not awakened from his sleeping beauty. In the meantime, the number of German hydrogen filling stations has grown back to almost 100 after having dropped to around half in the meantime.
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Hydrogen: Nobody has made the breakthrough so far
None of the vehicles, whether BMW Hydrogen 7, Toyota Mirai, Honda Insight or Hyundai Ix35 / Nexo have had a serious market chance so far. Experts of most car manufacturers have now rejected the fuel cell, at least in the area of cars – also because the investments in the area of electric cars are so gigantic. The situation with the trucks looks different and here the area of light commercial vehicles could be an intermediate step. It remains questionable whether the pull of the fuel cell could not be driven off due to the rapidly progressive battery technology and correspondingly improving loading times. At least with the car, because the large trucks look difficult for pure electric drives with battery technology.
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