Traffic and e-mobility in the climate protection program of the federal government

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Traffic and e-mobility in the climate protection program of the federal government-protection

Protecting the climate is currently the greatest global challenge. Since the beginning of industrialization, the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) in particular into the earth’s atmosphere has constantly increased. Swift and decisive action must be taken to significantly limit the rise in the average global temperature. Only if this succeeds can we succeed in preserving the biological adaptability of the planet and the livelihoods of millions of people.

From an economic point of view, too, the following applies: the greater the rise in temperature, the greater the costs for climate damage and the necessary adaptation costs to climate change, which far exceed the avoidance costs. For this reason, at the 2015 World Climate Conference in Paris, 197 countries pledged to limit global warming to well below 2 °C and if possible to 1.5 °C and to achieve global greenhouse gas neutrality by the second half of the century at the latest.

Together with its European partners, Germany has agreed on a procedure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Europe by at least 40 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. To this end, binding European targets and national targets derived from them have been agreed, which must be achieved by 2030. Germany is also working with most member states to achieve the goal of greenhouse gas neutrality in Europe by 2050.

This challenge by 2030 as an intermediate goal and 2050 as the relevant horizon mean a change in our way of life and economy. The federal government sees great opportunities for Germany as a location for business, innovation and employment in resolute and joint action with the right premises. Companies should be able to adapt to the challenges at an early stage and seize the opportunities for innovation and climate-friendly growth. And citizens should be given opportunities to behave in a climate-friendly manner.

transport sector lags behind

The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector, in contrast to the other sectors, has stalled. Or. Even worse: The CO2 emissions in traffic has risen in Germany, especially because of ever larger, heavier and more powerful vehicles. That is why the federal government presented measures last Friday in the climate protection program 2030, which should enable the necessary CO2 savings in the transport sector. Electromobility in particular will benefit from these measures. The 2020s will be the decade for the consistent implementation of the energy and mobility transactions.

The transport sector must reduce its emissions by 40 to 42 percent compared to 1990 to 98 to 95 million tons of CO2 in 2030. The measures already decided reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 13 million tonnes to a reference value of 150 million tonnes of CO2 in 2030. This leaves a gap of 52 to 55 million tonnes of CO2, which is to be closed by a package of measures involving promotion, modal shift and incentives in connection with CO2 pricing.

Expansion of the charging station infrastructure for electromobility

The expansion of the publicly accessible charging infrastructure is a basic requirement for the acceptance and growth of electromobility. The federal government aims to further expand the publicly accessible charging infrastructure and to have a total of 1 million charging points available in Germany by 2030. That is why the federal government is promoting the construction of public charging stations with appropriate programs until 2025.

The expansion of publicly accessible charging stations cannot be achieved through funding alone. That is why the federal government intends to present a master plan for the charging station infrastructure before the end of this year. To this end, she will also speak in particular to the automobile manufacturers and the energy industry. Where a demand-oriented supply of market gears does not take place, regulatory measures are also considered.

The federal government wants to regulate through a binding supply requirement that charging points are also offered at all gas stations in Germany. It is being examined whether the construction of fast charging stations can be treated as a decarbonization measure in the mineral oil industry. Anyone who cannot offer the 24/7 access condition with a publicly accessible charging infrastructure will be given the opportunity to participate via a separate call for funding with reduced funding rates. There are thus z.B. Charging stations set up in customer parking spaces.

In addition, the vast majority of charging processes will take place at home or at work. For this reason, shared private and commercial charging infrastructure (e.g. B. in multi-family houses and in employee car parks) are also encouraged. The installation of private charging infrastructure is promoted with the craftsman bonus.

In addition, the current refueling at the employer and the transfer of necessary infrastructure for refueling at the employee are tax-favored, so do not have to be taxed as a wage component.

The wall box in the underground car park should be easier to enforce

In the Home Ownership Act (WEG) and in tenancy law, the regulations for the construction of charging infrastructure will be simplified, in particular the unanimity principle will be replaced by the majority principle. So far, the veto of one individual in a WEG was enough to prevent the installation of a wall box in the underground car park. Landlords are obliged to tolerate the installation of charging infrastructure.

In addition, further legal hurdles in the development of charging infrastructure will be removed (e.g.a. Accelerated grid connection of charging infrastructure in the Grid Connection Ordinance, legal certainty when calculating surcharges, controllability/load management of charging infrastructure for grid-friendly charging, user-friendly charging and charging infrastructure in public spaces).

A “national control center” for electromobility will be set up for a coordinated ramp-up of the public charging infrastructure at the various levels (federal/state/municipal).

The ramp-up of electromobility is changing the demands on the distribution grids, especially when peaks are caused by simultaneous charging. The federal government will therefore create good framework conditions for the distribution network operators to invest in the intelligence and controllability of the networks and to expand their network with foresight so that the distribution network can also supply the targeted number of electric cars with high quality.

Encouraging the switch to electric cars

Seven to ten million electric vehicles are to be registered in Germany by 2030. With the law on tax incentives for electric mobility,.a. extended the company car regulation for the use of a battery electric vehicle or a plug-in hybrid vehicle until 2030. In future, the company car tax will also apply to all-electric vehicles up to a price of 40.000 euros can be reduced from 0.5 percent to 0.25 percent.

In addition, the tax exemption according to § 3d Motor Vehicle Tax Act will be extended until 31. December 2025 extended. The tax exemption, which is limited to 10 years, will last until 31 December at the latest. December 2030 limited.

In a further step, the purchase premium carried by the Federation and manufacturers will be extended from 2021 for cars with electric, hybrid and hydrogen / fuel cell drive and for cars under 40.000 euros raised. In the Passenger Transport Act, an early small amendment makes it clear that states and municipalities can set emission requirements for buses, taxis and rental cars.

Fuel mix and development of advanced biofuels

The use of biofuels in the fuel mix reduces the fossil content in the fuel and thus also the level of the CO2 price of the fuel. The development of liquid and gaseous regenerative fuels from biomass and their large-scale production in biogas and synthesis plants are supported in order to be able to use them in certain segments of the transport sector in the medium and long term.

First-generation biofuels based on food and feed crops are not additionally supported. In the future, the generation of bioenergy should be based more on waste and residues. It is therefore important to actually record all waste and residues. An expansion of the cultivation areas for bioenergy is not to be expected and is out of the question due to area restrictions. The sustainability criteria also apply to imports (from the internal market and from third countries).

Putting low-CO2 trucks on the market

The federal government will support the purchase of trucks with alternative, climate-friendly drives including hydrogen technologies and promote the expansion of a needs-based filling and charging infrastructure. The aim is that by 2030 around a third of the mileage in heavy road freight transport will be electric or based on electricity-based fuels.

To promote the charging infrastructure expansion, the Federal Government will present the charging infrastructure master plan before the end of this year. In addition, a CO2 differentiation of the truck toll in favor of climate-friendly drives and the necessary amendment of the Eurovignette directive are being promoted. The federal government will introduce a CO2 surcharge on the truck toll that will take effect from 2023, making use of the legal leeway.

Development of electricity-based fuels

The fuel cell will also play a major role in the mobility of the future, especially for trucks and other heavy vehicles. In the longer term, PtX fuels will also play an increasing role. The federal government will create framework conditions for the development and large-scale scaling of electrolysis and refinery processes for the production of electricity-based, climate-neutral gases and fuels. This enables the use of climate-friendly raw materials and fuels, particularly in industry and chemistry, as well as in air, heavy-duty and shipping traffic.

In the medium and long term, hydrogen-based fuel cell technology must also be widely used in the mobility sector. The federal government wants to develop a national hydrogen strategy by the end of the year. An industrial policy initiative of the European Union to set up an efficient e-fuel supply is also being launched.

Digitization of mobility

An amendment to the Passenger Transport Act will create the conditions for new digital mobility services. The federal government will continue and intensify the practical testing of automation, networking and the use of artificial intelligence for sustainable mobility on digital test fields and demonstration projects. The expansion of fast broadband and mobile networks will continue to be supported.

The federal government will gear the motor vehicle tax more closely to CO2 emissions and will present a law to reform the motor vehicle tax for passenger cars, so that this will have a significantly stronger steering effect when buying new cars towards lower-emission or higher-emission models. zero-emission drives. For new registrations from 01.01. From January 1, 2021, the assessment basis for the tax will be based mainly on CO2 emissions per km and will be increased in two emission levels above 95 gCO2/km.

Strengthen battery cell production in Germany

The battery cell funding of around one billion euros should lead to the establishment of a large-volume industrial battery cell production at several locations in Germany. The battery cell cluster Germany, which combines industrial and research activities, fits into the European landscape and is largely based on the IPCEI (Important Projects of Common European Interest) in terms of state aid law.

As part of the “Battery Research Factory” umbrella concept, the Federal Government is promoting the expansion of expertise and technology in the field of batteries along the entire value chain, so that significant parts of the value chain in the automotive sector will remain in Germany in the future.

The German industry is also instructed in other industries on powerful and efficient batteries. Therefore, it should continue to be researched and produced in Germany, so that Germany in the future will take a pioneering role in global competition. The German industry is also instructed in other industries on powerful and efficient batteries.

Expansion of cycle paths

The Federal Government will increase the attractiveness of cycling by further improving road safety and conditions for cyclists for cyclists. The expansion of cycle paths and cycle paths on federal roads is continued. Through two special programs “city” and “land” the equal opportunity for cycling is granted, z.B. Using safer and modern storage facilities and the expansion of the infrastructure for loading wheels.

Increasing the attractiveness of rail passenger transport

The federal government and Deutsche Bahn will invest 86 billion euros by 2030 to renew the rail network. This is intended to further increase the performance of the rail infrastructure. The introduction of digital control and safety technology on central axes and the digitization of interlockings will significantly increase capacity. Bottleneck corridors in the rail network, neuralgic points, are being expanded and the Deutschlandtakt is to be introduced – a Germany-wide harmonization of timetables in order to reduce travel times between two locations. In addition, the electrified network is to be expanded and densified. The regionalization funds will be continuously increased over the next few years, which will also serve to strengthen public transport.

Making train travel cheaper, flying more expensive

Flights are often cheaper than train travel to the same destination. From a climate protection point of view, this is a wrong incentive effect. Therefore, the Federal Government will submit a law to go to 1. January 2020 to increase the aviation tax in the scope, so that in return the VAT on rail tickets in long-distance traffic can be reduced from 19 percent to the reduced value added tax rate of 7 percent. This will be ahead of 10 percent more favorable.

In the course of the amendment of the aviation tax law, dumping prices are prevented from airline tickets by not being sold at a price below applicable taxes, surcharges, fees and fees.

Strengthening rail freight traffic

The rail freight traffic should also significantly benefit from the modernization and capacity improvement on the rail network. Freight transport on the rail is thereby faster and more attractive. With the strengthening of combined traffic, more goods are to be brought to the rail.

Modernization of inland shipping and use of shore power in ports

An increase in the share of inland waterway transport in freight transport is achieved by implementing climate protection measures from the inland waterway transport master plan. The funding program for the sustainable modernization of inland waterway vessels is being further developed.
So that they can switch to electricity and low-emission and low-air pollutant fuels, charges for shore power will be reduced and low-emission and low-air pollutant fuels will be temporarily subsidised. An initiative for the EU-wide introduction of compulsory shore power is being launched for seaports, and a national regulation is being examined for inland ports.

Increasing the attractiveness of public transport

With the increase in federal funds for the expansion of local public transport to 1 billion euros annually from 2021, the federal government has created the conditions to improve the attractiveness of local public transport. The rail-based local transport network can thus be expanded. The modalities of the GVFG are to be geared even more towards the goals of climate-friendliness in public transport.

The Federal Government intends to increase the funds to 2 billion euros annually from 2025 so that additional expansion measures can be planned in concrete terms in the coming years.

The modernization and climate-friendly conversion of bus fleets will be further promoted by increasing the funding for buses with electric and hydrogen-based drives as well as buses that run on biogas.

Model projects for annual public transport tickets

The federal government will also support 10 model projects to strengthen public transport, for example the introduction of 365 euro annual tickets.

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4 thoughts on “Traffic and e-mobility in the climate protection program of the federal government”

  1. For already highly subsidized electric cars and an ideological fight against the pissing internal combustion engine there is a cash slip without end, the autolobby is thanks; But for the backbone of a “road transition” cycling, foot traffic (not even mentioned), traffic calming and the local traffic (SPNV and OSPV), of course, there is nothing, not a tired of cents. The increase in the GVFG on a billionche has already planned for some time.
    #Not my road

    Reply
  2. The easiest way to reduce CO2 emissions from car, the speed limit on the
    Highway, has been blocked by the Federal Government for years, though a great majority
    the population for this limit is. Then this pointless rage would be on the highway
    stop and the number of dead and injured would be significantly reduced. But the
    The federal government acts according to the principle: “The demands of the economy are untouchable”.

    Reply
  3. Funding for e-cars does not have to be based on price (e.g.€40,000 as a limit for higher funding) but the same percentage for everyone, that would be solidarity for normal citizens.The Dienstwagendahrer are always better off, why???
    On the one hand, the vehicles can be bought cheaper than for the average citizen, can also be deducted from taxes and there is also a subsidy, which is not fair.

    Reply

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