- Grunstrom is made cheaper in the future
- The expansion of renewable energies also makes the electricity price more expensive
- The electricity prices for electric cars fluctuate strong – home is the cheapest
In recent years, the worldwide market for renewable energies recorded strong growth. The further increased competitiveness on conventional power plants and the international efforts against climate change (Paris Agreement) have developed additional markets and applications for renewable energies. The Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE) recently submitted its study on the production costs of electricity from renewable energies for the fifth time. As is out of the study, it is now cheaper to produce electricity through photovoltaics or wind power than with conventional power plants. But why do the electricity prices rise in this country? That has many reasons we are going on here.
The electricity has become more expensive for two reasons: On the one hand, the CO2 prices have risen – that is, the coal stream we still need in Germany – is more expensive. On the other hand, the energy transition costs money. The infrastructure must be expanded, the costs incurred here are transferred to all – the electricity price rises. There are also numerous allowances, such as the portal www.Electricity report.DE. The largest share have state levies of more than 50 percent. But that’s not all – right more.
According to Fraunhofer Institute, the investment conditions for renewable energies in many countries are excellent, as compliance with the climate goals has gained significant priority. Therefore, investments in technologies with combustion of fossil energy sources are more and more limited and therefore no longer expect. The strong market growth of renewable energies and high investments in new power plants will be accompanied by intensive research efforts resulting in improved system solutions with higher efficiencies, lower production costs and lower operating costs. In combination with mass production, the specific investments and thus the electricity control costs of all technologies were significantly reduced.
Further sinking electricity stations will continue to grow competitiveness and sales potential of technologies and contribute to a continuing dynamic market development of renewable energies. “Wind power plants and solar power plants in Germany now have significantly lower electricity control costs than conventional power plants. Due to the rising costs for CO2 certificates, even the operation of existing conventional equipment, coal and gas operations, is less competitive in the coming years, “explains ISE scientist Christoph Kost.
Grunstrom is made cheaper in the future
The market development depends, according to the institute in the coming years, in particular from the implementation of the Paris Climate Destinations. The actual market development of each technology is crucial for the time course of costusion. It is certain, however, that electricity producing with renewable energy sources is cheaper. As the Fraunhofer Institute declares, photovoltaic systems (PV) currently achieve, depending on the type of plant and solar radiation, electricity control costs between 3.12 and 11.01 cents per kWh. The specific plant costs are 530 to 1600 Euro per kWp depending on the system type. KWP is a theoretical rated output deviating from the actual yield of a photovoltaic system. In the standardized measurements, solar modules at 25 ° C operating temperature with a power of 1 kilowatt (1.000 watts) per square meter irradiated.
Since PV battery systems make up a growing market in the German electricity system, they were added to the Fraunhofer study for the first time. The power supply costs for PV battery systems are today between 5.24 and 19.72 cents per kWh. The large bandwidth results from high cost differences between the different battery systems. In wind stream, decreasing investment costs result from 3.94 to 8.29 cents for onshore wind turbines, making them the second prudent production technology. Despite higher average full-load hours of up to 4.500 hours a year, offshore wind turbines with just under 7.23 to 12.13 cents are significantly more expensive, which is due to higher installation, operating and financing costs (3.000 to 4.000 Euro per kW).
Potential new, conventional power plants do not come in Germany under the consideration of higher CO2 costs under electricity control costs of 7.5 cents. In 2040, electricity performance costs are predicted at values between 3.58 and 6.77 cents for small PV roof systems and between 1.92 and 3.51 cents in open space systems. From 2024, the electricity type costs of all PV systems (without battery storage) should be below ten cents. In the year 2030, the power generation from a PV battery system could then be more favorable than a gas and steam (GUD) power plant. If you look into the year 2040, then even small PV battery systems could reach electricity control costs between 5 and 12 cents per kWh.
The expansion of renewable energies also makes the electricity price more expensive
The state stresses are according to WWW.Electricity report.DE also in 2021 with 51.4 percent at a very high level. They fell proportionally by one percent compared to the previous year and are now 16.39 cents per kWh. The cost block has increased from 11.59 cents to 16.39 cents over the past ten years (in 10-year course by plus 41 percent) and has quadrupled since liberalization of the 1998 electricity market. Most of “taxes and charges” are the EEG surcharge at 20.4 percent. She almost doubled in the 10th anniversary. The EEG surcharge was capped to 6.5 cents per kilowatt hour for 2021 and for 2022 she will be reduced to six cents.
On the price of electricity on top of it also come the network charges. These are costs that are charged by the network operator for the passage of electricity through their networks. Of these, the costs for the construction, operation and maintenance of the power grid are paid. These fees are the second largest cost block of the electricity price. They fell by 1.4 percent in the Federal German average 2021 and currently have a share of 24.1 percent on the price of electricity. The increase in electricity transport costs is based on the necessary network expansion within the scope of the energy transition (plus 14 percent). Depending on the place of residence, the network usage fees vary significantly, which is why the electricity price composition is not uniform throughout Germany.
Another cost driver is the CO2 pricing. Like the Federal Government, companies have to pay a CO2 price since this year, the fuel oil, natural gas, gasoline and diesel. They are obliged to acquire emission rights for greenhouse gas emissions that cause these fuels. This happens through the new national emissions trading. The Fuel Emissions Trading Act is how the national emissions trading system (EHS) should be designed. This measure is part of the Climate protection program 2030 of the Federal Government. For building heat and traffic so far an effective price signal is missing, which represents the CO2 intensity through the consumption of fossil heating and fuels. Because the European EHS does not apply to these two sectors. The fact is: The new CO2 price will make the consumption of fossil heating and fuels more expensive. Thus, the use of climate-friendly technologies such as heat pumps and electromobility, saving energy and the use of renewable energy is worthwhile.
The EEG surcharge, which was introduced by the Red-Green Federal Government in 2000, to finance the energy transition, is certainly also a big price driver. She rose from 0.19 cents in the first year in the meantime 6.5 cents per kilowatt hour, but should, as already mentioned, be capped. Ecostrom producers receive compensation for each kilowatt hour through the surcharge of operators of transmission networks for over 20 years. However, the stock market price price, and thus the real market value of the electricity, is significantly lower. As on star.DE is to be read, the current increase in electricity prices this time not only on prizers such as the EEG surcharge or network charges. As one of the main reasons, the increased wholesale price is mentioned here, because therefore, electricity providers have to shop the electricity more expensive. For example, the wholesale price for electricity has been doubled at the EXPE EEX since last fall.
The electricity prices for electric cars fluctuate strong – home is the cheapest
At the native Wallbox, the kilowatt-hour of electricity for loading the electric car in section costs exactly as much as household stream, so e-auto drivers should preferably load here – especially as wallboxes are subsidized by the federal government. The network operators will be compensated for the difference from EEG funds so that they are not sitting at the cost. In addition, the state also finances network interventions to compensate for fluctuating feeds from EEG funds. The EEG surcharge is redesigned each year by the transmission network operators. Often, companies with high power consumption can be free from the surcharge.
The calculation of electricity costs for 100 kilometers is quite simple with an electric car when the consumption is known. The Nissan Leaf is the consumption, for example, at about 17 kilowatt hours per 100 kilometers. Provided one invites to the domestic wallbox, where the charging current costs as much as household electric current, cost 17 kilowatt hours at the current electricity price of 31.94 cents per kilowatt hour (according to the Federal Association of Energy and Water Management E.V. (BDEW)) A total of 5.42 euros (as of July 2021). In reality, however, the actual price fluctuates – as a function of billing model, charging power and charging point. The simple calculation of the electricity costs per 100 kilometers should therefore be seen as a rough orientation. According to car engine and sport.The real cost per 100 kilometers can be calculated usually only after a few months when the same charging stations were approached regularly.
The fact that the change to renewable energies succeeds will depend on whether to build enough additional green stream systems in addition to the expansion of the infrastructure. Because the electricity requirement in Germany continues to grow. In addition, a lot has to change at the regulatory side before the cheap eco-electricity becomes reality and actually arrives at the end consumer. And then is still questionable, in how far the savings are passed on. Consequently, not only a lot of electricity will go into the country, but probably a lot of time.
Sources: Fraunhofer Institute, BDEW, BMU, Federal Government.DE, car engine and sport.DE, star.DE, www.Electricity report.de
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After the election, there is now the possibility to implement green flow targets with a green federal government and to ensure more PV on roofs, which should be a main generator source for green stream.
Of course, it is also important to think of wind energy, but which does not cause counter-love everywhere because they can hit resistance before their own nose.
For all the discussions, unfortunately, the rising population growth and its rising consumer willingness to be completely forgotten.
What does all the savings and environmental compatibility use when humanity is getting older and more and more children in the world, while nature and animals have to soften man?
It contradicts itself and ends as a total loss.
A few years ago I had a job interview with one of the high-voltage network operators and made proposals for cost reductions. Statement by the employer: “Not so much save. The more we save, the less we deserve.”The network operators are suffering their costs and get a surcharge of still over 7% as a guaranteed profit margin. At that time it was even 9%. Reduce costs and reduce the guaranteed margin, the electricity costs are already sinking.
Well, the world is just dynamic. Not just new. Fridjf Capra wrote around 1983 his book “Wendzeit”. What is now now everything was long in it, which just happens. Tip: Googling Title and Buy Antiquarian> 10 Euro incl. Porto – Tip 2 Read! – In ancient Rome, 2 senators through the plastered city. They ate through a lot of people. That’s one, “we should mark all slaves! – The other says. “Are you crazy!, The remember how many are you!”Well, our slaves are woken up. The in Asia, Africa and have begun to apply. Unpasses of people in huge countries with raw materials have noticed how little and insignificant we were and are. And now? What is now? How will that end?? Is everything in the book, few have read it and certainly not got it. We are to be turned in the middle of it. Italy became Rome. Moreover did not remain. And what happens in China? In India, in Russia, … and then in Africa. They have long noticed how little we are … we drive car with Asian technology in e-design and discuss with Asian computer technology Our Schiksal.